The aardvark is a medium-sized, burrowing, nocturnal mammal native to Africa. The name means earth pig.
The aardvark (Orycteropus afer) is a medium-sized, burrowing, nocturnal mammal native to Africa. It is the only living species of the order Tubulidentata, although other prehistoric species and genera of Tubulidentata are known. It is sometimes colloquially called 'antbear', 'anteater', or the 'Cape anteater' after the Cape of Good Hope. The name comes from earlier Afrikaans and means 'earth pig' or 'ground pig' (aarde earth/ground, varken pig), because of its burrowing habits (similar origin to the name groundhog). The aardvark is not closely related to the pig; rather, it is the sole recent representative of the obscure mammalian order Tubulidentata, in which it is usually considered to form one variable species of the genus Orycteropus, the sole surviving genus in the family Orycteropodidae. The aardvark is not closely related to the South American anteater, despite sharing some characteristics and a superficial resemblance.
Contributions by Lycaon, Tannin, and UtherSRG.