Abseiling is the controlled descent down a rock face using a rope. The slang term is rapping or rap jumping.
Abseiling is the controlled descent down a rock face using a rope; climbers use this technique when a cliff or slope is too steep and/or dangerous to descend without protection. Rope access technicians also use this as a method to access difficult to reach areas at height for various industrial applications like maintenance, construction, inspection and welding. Slang terms for the technique include: rapping or rap jumping (American slang), deepelling (Canadian slang), and abbing (British slang for 'abseiling'). The term rappel / rappelling is derived from the French language: French, recall, return, rappel, from Old French, recall, from rappeler, to recall: re-, re- + appeler, to summon. In alps you find also the term 'calata', from the Italian language. The origin of the abseil is attributed to Jean Charlet-Straton, a Chamonix guide who lived from -.
Contributions by Ratagonia, Yaan, and Maelgwn.