Acehnese

Acehnese

The Acehnese are a people in Aceh, Indonesia. Their social organization is communal.

About Acehnese

The Acehnese (also Achinese) are a people in Aceh, Indonesia. Their homeland is located in the northern-most tip of the island of Sumatra and had a history of political struggle against the Dutch. Their language, the Acehnese, belongs to the Aceh_Chamic groups of Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family. They were at one time Hinduized, as is evident from their traditions and the many Sanskrit words in their language. They have been Muslims for several centuries and are generally considered the most conservative Muslim ethnic group in Indonesia. Traditionally, there have been a large number of Acehnese agriculturists, metal-workers and weavers. Traditionally matrilocal, their social organization is communal. They live in gampongs, which combine to form districts known as mukims. Aceh came to international attention as being the hardest-hit region of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake with 120,000 people dead.

Contributions by Merbabu, Eagleswings, and Muhammad Nabil Berri.