Acids & Bases

Acids & Bases

Common examples of acids include hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid. A base is a substance that can accept hydrogen cations (protons) or more generally, donate a pair of valence electrons.

About Acids & Bases

An acid (from the Latin acidus/acre meaning sour) is a substance which reacts with a base. Commonly, acids can be identified as tasting sour, reacting with metals such as calcium, and bases like sodium carbonate. A base in chemistry is a substance that can accept hydrogen cations (protons) or more generally, donate a pair of valence electrons. A soluble base is referred to as an alkali if it contains and releases hydroxide ions (OH) quantitatively.

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