Adrenal Glands

Adrenal Glands

Adrenal Glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that are located at the top of the kidneys; in humans, the right adrenal gland is triangular shaped, while the left is semilunar in shape. They are chiefly responsible for releasing hormones in response to stress through the synthesis of corticosteroids such as cortisol and catecholamines such as epinephrine (adrenaline) or norepinephrine. Androgens are also produced by this gland.

About Adrenal Glands

In mammals, the adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that sit at the top of the kidneys; in humans, the right adrenal gland is triangular shaped, while the left adrenal gland is semilunar shaped. They are chiefly responsible for releasing hormones in response to stress through the synthesis of corticosteroids such as cortisol and catecholamines such as epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine. They also produce androgens. The adrenal glands affect kidney function through the secretion of aldosterone, a hormone involved in regulating the osmolarity of blood plasma. Anatomically, the adrenal glands are located in the retroperitoneum superior to the kidneys, bilaterally. The combined weight of the adrenal glands in an adult human ranges from 7 to 10grams. They are surrounded by an adipose capsule and renal fascia. In dogs, the adrenal glands are found at the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra.

Contributions by Diberri, Arcadian, and 172.198.243.59.