Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol Intoxication

About Alcohol Intoxication

Alcohol intoxication (also known as drunkenness or inebriation) is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in his or her blood. Common symptoms of alcohol intoxication include slurred speech, euphoria, impaired balance, loss of muscle coordination (ataxia), flushed face, vomiting, reddened eyes, reduced inhibition, and erratic behavior. In severe cases, it can cause coma or death. Toxicologists use the term _alcohol intoxication_ to discriminate between alcohol and other toxins. Acute alcohol intoxication results from a very high level of alcohol in the blood. This term is used by health care providers, often in emergencies. Alcohol is metabolized by a normal liver at the rate of about one ounce (one highball, a normal beer, a regular sized glass of wine) every 90 minutes. An abnormal liver with conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, gall bladder disease, and cancer will have a slower rate of metabolism. Ethanol is metabolised to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which is found in many tissues, including the gastric mucosa.

Contributions by Steeev, Sodium, and Jklin.

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