Arequipa is the capital of the province of Arequipa and is the seat of the Constitutional Court.
Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the province of Arequipa, and the seat of the Constitutional Court and the 'Legal Capital of Peru'. Also known as the White City, it is the second most populous city in Peru, reaching 844,407 inhabitants by 2012 according to INEI projections. Arequipa is an important industrial and commercial center of Peru and due to its industrial activity is as the second most industrialized city in the country. Its industrial activity includes manufactured products and export quality camelid wool textiles; the city has close trade ties with Chile, Bolivia and Brazil, with cities connected by the Southern Railway and with the port of Matarani. The city was founded on 15 August 1540, under the name of 'Villa Hermosa de Nuestra Seora de la Asuncin' in the name of the Marquis Don Francisco Pizarro and on 22 September 1541 King Charles V in a Royal Decree ordered that it be called the 'City of Arequipa.'