Arikara People

Arikara People

Arikara People are a group of Native Americans in South Dakota.

About Arikara People

Arikara (also Sahnish,The Arikara call themselves Sahnish. Arikaree, Ree) are a group of Native Americans in North Dakota. Today they are enrolled in the federally recognized tribe the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation. Sometimes called the Arikaree, or the Ree, the Arikara's name is believed to mean "horns", in reference to the ancient custom of wearing two upright bones in their hair. The name also could mean "elk people" or "corn eaters". The Arikara language is a member of the Caddoan language family. Arikara is close to the Pawnee language, but they are not mutually intelligible. Arikara is now spoken mainly by a few elders. One of the last fluent speakers, Maude Starr, died on January 20, 2010. She was a certified language teacher who participated in Arikara language education programs. In previous centuries, the Arikara were a semi-nomadic people who lived on the Great Plains of the United States of America for several hundred years.

Contributions by Ish ishwar, Parkwells, and DanArmiger.