Arthurian Legend concerns the legendary history of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table.
The Arthurian Legends are the legend that concern the legendary history of King Arthur and the knight of the Round Table. Arthur is the chief subject of the Matter of Britain. Arthurian legend as a literary genre emerges in the 12th century as part of courtly medieval literature with authors such as Marie de France, Chrtien de Troyes and Geoffrey of Monmouth. The creator of the familiar literary persona of Arthur was Geoffrey of Monmouth, with his pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae ('History of the Kings of Britain'), written in the 1130s. The textual sources for Arthur are usually divided into those that were written before Geoffrey's Historia was published (known as 'pre-Galfridian' texts, from the Latin form of Geoffrey, Galfridus) and those that followed this, and could not avoid his influence (Galfridian, or post-Galfridian, texts). The earliest literary references to Arthur come from Welsh and Breton sources.