Artificial Insemination is the medical alternative to sexual intercourse in order to attain pregnancy. Semen is usually placed in the vagina using a syringe or inserted into the uterus by means of a catheter.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of semen into a female for the purpose of fertilisation, by means other than ejaculation directly into the vagina or oviduct. Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment for humans, and is a common practice in the breeding of dairy cattle and pigs. Artificial insemination may employ assisted reproductive technology, donated sperm, and/or animal husbandry techniques. Artificial insemination is a means for a woman to conceive when she does not have a male partner, when she does not want a male partner, or when a male partner's sexual inhibition or physical limitation impedes his ability to impregnate her by sexual intercourse. Women who have issues with the cervix such as cervical scarring, cervical blockage from endometriosis, or thick cervical mucus also benefit from AI since the sperm must pass through the cervix to result in fertilization.