Aynu is a Turkic language spoken in western China known in various spelling as Aini, Aynu, Ainu, Eyni or by the Uyghur Abdal, in Russian sources Eynu, Aynu, Abdal, by the Chinese as Ainu. Some linguists call it a mixed language, having a mostly Turkic grammar, essentially Uyghur, but a mainly Iranian vocabulary. Other linguists argue that it does not meet the technical requirements of a mixed language. It is spoken by the Aynu, a nomadic people. The Aynu people call their language Aynu. Aynu is spoken in Western China in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region on the edge of the Taklimakan Desert in the Tarim Basin. The only speakers of Aynu are adult men. Uyghur is spoken with outsiders and with women, who do not speak Aynu. Uyghur is spoken at home when it is not necessary to disguise one's speech. Aynu numerals are borrowed from Persian: 1 yak, 2 du, 3 si, 4 car, 5 pan_, 6 sas, 7 hap(t), 8 has(t), 9 noh, 10 dah, 20 bist, 100 sad, 1000 hazar.
Contributions by Kwamikagami, Lubossekk, and Straughn.