The Azerbaijanis are a Turkic people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan, as well as in the neighboring states. Also referred to as Azerbaijani Turks or Azeris, they live in a wider area from the Caucasus to the Iranian plateau. The Azerbaijanis are predominantly Shi'a Muslim and have a mixed cultural heritage including Turkic, Iranian and Caucasian elements. Following the Russo-Persian Wars of 1813 and 1828, the territories of the Qajar Persian Empire in the Caucasus were ceded to the Russian Empire and the treaties of Gulistan in 1813 and Turkmenchay in 1828 finalized the borders between Czarist Russia and Qajar Iran. The formation of the...'
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