The Bakhtiari are a southwestern Persian tribe. They speak the Bakhtiari dialect, a southwestern Persian dialect, belonging to the Luri dialects. A small percentage of Bakhtiari are still nomadic pastoralists, migrating between summer quarters (sardsir or yaylaq) and winter quarters (garmsir or qishlaq). Numerical estimates of their total population widely vary. Bakhtiaris primarily inhabit in Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari and parts of the provinces of Lorestan, Khuzestan, and Isfahan. In Khuzestan, Bakhtiari tribes are primarily concentrated in the eastern part of the province. In Persian mythology, the Bakhtiari consider themselves to be descendants of Fereydun, a legendary hero from the Persian national epic, Shahnameh. In the Sharafnama, Sharaf Khan Bidlisi counts the Bakhtiari as among 400 Kurdish clans that migrated from Syria to Jabal and Khuzestan around the beginning of the twelfth century.
Contributions by Mithraeum, Erxnmedia, and SouthernComfort.