Baoding is a city of Hebei province, People's Republic of China, bordering the national capital Beijing, which lies 140 kilometres (87 mi) to the northeast. The population of Baoding municipality is 11,194,379, out of which 1,665,360 in the urban districts (2010 census). Baoding is a city with a history dating back to the Western Han Dynasty. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century, but after the Mongols established the Yuan Dynasty, it was rebuilt. It acquired the name 'Baoding' during the Yuan dynasty the name is roughly interpreted as 'protecting the capital', referring to the city's proximity to Beijing. Baoding served for many years as the capital of Zhili, and was a significant centre of culture in the Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty. After Zhili province was abolished in 1928 Baoding became the capital of the newly formed Hebei province.
Contributions by Olivier, Vardion, and Guardian of the Rings.