Barquisimeto is a Venezuelan city, capital of Lara State and head of Iribarren Municipality. It is an important urban, industrial, commercial and transportation center of the country, recognized as the fourth largest city by population and area in Venezuela after Caracas, Maracaibo and Valencia. Barquisimeto was founded in 1552 by Juan de Villegas, as a headquarter and to have better control of the territory believed to be rich in gold. Its original name was 'Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto'. This city had four settlements due to ignorance of the physical environment of the region. The first one was in 1552 nearby Bura River, but moved in 1556 due to frequent floods suffered inhabitants. The second one was in the valley of the Turbio River where the city stayed until the tyrant Lope de Aguirre burned it down in 1561.
Contributions by Caracas 2000, Maor X, and 126.96.36.199.