Belo Horizonte is the capital and largest city in the state of Minas Gerais, located in the southeastern region of the Brazil. It is the third largest metropolitan area in the country. Belo Horizonte has a population of 2,475,440 inhabitants (2010) in the city and a total of 5,497,922 inhabitants in the official Metropolitan Area (2010). The region was first settled in the early 18th century, but the city as it is known today was planned and constructed in the 1890s, in order to replace Ouro Preto as the capital of Minas Gerais. The city features a mixture of contemporary and classical buildings, and is home to several modern Brazilian architectural icons, most notably the Pampulha Complex. In planning the city, Aaro Reis and Francisco Bicalho sought inspiration in the urban planning of Washington, D.C.
Contributions by Macgreco, Cheiro de lysoform, and 18.104.22.168.