Birth control refers to the interception of a female egg and a male sperm so that embryo implantation, resulting in pregnancy, does not occur. Birth control has been practiced for thousands of years, and there are various methods which have evolved, including birth control pills, patches, and shots, as well as condoms, diaphragms, and birth control rings. Methods that don't require additional contraception include early withdrawal and abstinence.
Abstinence, or refraining from sexual intercourse, is the only 100 percent effective form of birth control. Other methods include:
• Vaginal rings
• Intrauterine devices
• Cervical caps
• Condoms (male and female)
• Female sterilization
• Natural family planning
In order to choose the most effective plan of birth control for you, research each type or speak with your doctor. Be sure to discuss all health concerns with your doctor before beginning a contraceptive. Never use another person's birth control pills, patches etc.