James Raleigh 'Biz' Mackey (July 27, 1897 September 22, 1965) was an American catcher and manager in Negro league baseball. He came to be regarded as black baseball's premier catcher in the late 1920s and early 1930s. His superior defense and outstanding throwing arm were complemented by batting skill which placed him among the Negro leagues' all-time leaders in total bases, RBIs and slugging percentage, while hitting .322 for his career. He played for the Indianapolis ABC's (192022), New York Lincoln Giants (1920), Hilldale Daisies (192331), Philadelphia Royal Giants (1925), Philadelphia Stars (193335), Washington and Baltimore Elite Giants (193639), and Newark Dodgers/Eagles (1935, 193941, 194547, 1950). Mackey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006. Born in Eagle Pass, Texas, Mackey began playing baseball with his brothers Ray and Ernest on the Luling Oilers, a Prairie League team, in 1916 in his hometown of Luling.
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