Boyar

Boyar

A boyar, or bolyar, was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Bulgarian, Moscovian, Kievan Rus'ian, Wallachian, and Moldavian aristocracies, second only to the ruling princes (in Bulgaria, tsars), from the 10th century through the 17th century.

About Boyar

A boyar, or bolyar, was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Bulgarian, Moscovian, Kievan Rus'ian, Wallachian, and Moldavian aristocracies, second only to the ruling princes (in Bulgaria, tsars), from the 10th century through the 17th century. The rank has lived on as a surname in Russia and Finland, where it is spelt Pajari. The word is likely derived from the plural form of the Bulgarian title boila ("noble"), bolyare, which is attested in Bulgar inscriptions and rendered as boilades or boliades in the Greek of Byzantine documents. It's ultimately derivation is possibly from the Turkic roots bai ("noble, rich") and ar. The title entered Old Russian as bylya (bylya). The oldest Slavic form of boyar_bolyarin, pl. bolyari (Bulgarian: bolyarin, pl. bolyari)_dates from the 10th century, and it is found in Bulgaria, where it may have stemmed from the old Bulgar title boila, which denoted a high aristocratic status among the Bulgars.

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