B-boying or breaking, often called breakdancing, is a style of street dance that originated as a part of hip-hop culture among African American and Latino youths in New York City during the early 1970s. Fast to gain popularity in the media, the dance style also gained popularity worldwide especially in South Korea, France, Russia, Japan, and Brazil. While extremely diverse in the amount of variation available in the dance, b-boying consists of four primary elements: toprock, downrock, power moves, and freezes. B-boying is typically danced to hip-hop and especially breakbeats, although modern trends allow for much wider varieties of music along certain ranges of tempo and beat patterns. A practitioner of this dance is called a b-boy, b-girl, or breaker. Although the term breakdance is frequently used to refer to the dance, b-boying and breaking are the original terms. These terms are preferred by the majority of the art form_s pioneers and most notable practitioners. The terminology used to refer to b-boying changed after promotion by the mainstream media. Although widespread, the term breakdancing is looked down upon by those immersed in hip-hop culture. Purists consider
Contributions by Myominane, Gbern3, and Draeco.