Bullfighting is the sport of baiting and killing a bull as a public spectacle in an outdoor arena.
Bullfighting, also known as tauromachia or tauromachy is a traditional spectacle of Spain, Portugal, southern France and some Latin American countries (Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Peru), in which one or more bulls are baited, and then killed in a bullring for sport and entertainment. As such, it is often called a blood sport by its detractors, but followers of the spectacle regard it as a 'fine art' and not a sport, as there are no elements of competition in the proceedings. In Portugal, it is illegal to kill a bull in the arena, so it is removed and slaughtered in the pens as fighting bulls can only be used once. A non-lethal variant stemming from Portuguese influence is also practiced on the Tanzanian island of Pemba. The tradition, as it is practiced today, involves professional toreros (also called "matadors") who execute various formal moves which can be interpreted and innovated according to the bullfighter's style or school.
Contributions by Falcorian, Behemoth, and ChrisO.