Caldoche is the name given to European inhabitants of the French overseas collectivity of New Caledonia, mostly native-born French settlers. The formal name to refer to this particular population is Caledoniens, short for the very formal Neo-Caledoniens, however this self-appellation technically includes all inhabitants of the New Caledonian archipelago, not just the Caldoche. Another "white" demographic element (although they may well be Frenchmen of different ethnic backgrounds) in the territory is expatriates from metropolitan France who live there temporarily as civil servants. Caldoches are keen to differentiate themselves from these inhabitants, underlining their position as the permanent locals, referring to them as metros, short for metropolitains or as zoreilles and more informally zozos in the local jargon. New Caledonia was used as a penal colony from 1854 to 1922 by France.
Contributions by Big Adamsky, 184.108.40.206, and Behemoth.