Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

A carbohydrate is an organic compound comprising only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with a hydrogen. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Foods that are high in carbohydrates are often highly processed or refined foods made from plants; including sweets, cookies & candy, table sugar, honey, soft drinks, breads & crackers, jams and fruit products, pastas and breakfast cereals.

About Carbohydrates

A carbohydrate is an organic compound that consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. (Some exceptions exist; for example, deoxyribose, a component of DNA, has the empirical formula C5H10O4.) Carbohydrates are not technically hydrates of carbon. Structurally it is more accurate to view them as polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones. The term is most common in biochemistry, where it is a synonym of saccharide. The carbohydrates (saccharides) are divided into four chemical groupings: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. In general, the monosaccharides and disaccharides, which are smaller (lower molecular weight) carbohydrates, are commonly...'

Contributions by Muchness, 124.180.0.57, and Bensaccount.

New Questions for Carbohydrates

See All Questions