Chambri (previously spelled Tchambuli) are an ethnic group in the Chambri Lakes region in the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea. The social structures of Chambri society have often been a subject in the study of gender roles. Margaret Mead, a cultural anthropologist, studied the Chambri in 1933. Her influential book Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies became a major cornerstone of the women's liberation movement, since it claimed that females had significant and dominant roles in Chambri society, a claim that is now somewhat disputed. This community located near Chambri Lake in Papua New Guinea, there exists a community of three villages collectively known as the Chambri. These three villages, Indingai, Wombun, and Kilimbit, contain about 1,000 people.
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