Charles Howard 'Smitty' Schmid, Jr. (July 8, 1942 - March 30, 1975), also known as 'The Pied Piper of Tucson,' was an American serial killer. His crimes, profiled in the March 4, 1966 issue of Life Magazine, are the basis for 'Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?,' a short story by Joyce Carol Oates. The 1971 movie The Todd Killings is based on the Schmid caseas was the 1994 film Dead Beat and the 2005 film The Lost adapted from a novel by Jack Ketchum. In 2008, The Library of America selected Don Moser's article 'The Pied Piper of Tucson' from Life Magazine for inclusion in its two-century retrospective of American True Crime. Charles Schmid was an illegitimate child adopted by Charles and Katharine Schmid, owners and operators of Hillcrest Nursing Home in Tucson, Arizona. He had a difficult relationship with his adoptive father, whom Katherine Schmid later divorced. When Schmid tried to meet his birth mother, she angrily told him never to come back.
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