The terms Chicano/Chicana are used as reference to U.S. citizens of Mexican descent. However, those terms have a wide range of meanings in various parts of the world. The term began to be widely used during the Chicano Movement, mainly among Mexican Americans, especially in the movement's peak in the late 1960s and early 1970s. For Mexicans, 'Chicano' meant having Mexican parents, but being born into U.S. soil.
Contributions by Evrik, Rockero, and J.R. Hercules.