The Chitimacha (also Chitimachan, Chetimacha) are a Native American federally recognized tribe that lives in the U.S. state of Louisiana, mainly in St. Mary Parish. They currently number about 720 people. The Chitimacha language is a language isolate. The Chitimacha's historic home was the southern Louisiana coast. They and their ancestors lived there for about 2,500 years and perhaps as long as 6,000. They had migrated from the area surrounding modern Natchez, Mississippi, and before that, from eastern Texas. In the early 18th century, the Chitimacha encountered French colonists, who raided their territory in search of slaves.
Contributions by Parkwells, Ish ishwar, and 188.8.131.52.