The Cree are one of the largest groups of First Nations / Native Americans in North America, with 200,000 members living in Canada. The major proportion of Cree in Canada live north and west of Lake Superior, in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the Northwest Territories. About 15,000 live in eastern Quebec. In the United States, this Algonquian-speaking people historically lived from Lake Superior westward. Today, they live mostly in Montana, where they share a reservation with the Ojibwe (Chippewa). The documented westward migration over time has been strongly associated with their roles as traders and hunters in the North American Fur Trade. The Cree Nation is generally divided into eight groups (some political, others cultural): Collectively the Cree used the autonym Nehilawe (those who speak our language). They used "Cree" to refer to their people only when speaking the languages of the European colonists, French or English.
Contributions by GrantNeufeld, Vsmith, and CambridgeBayWeather.