The Cupeno are a Native American tribe from Southern California. They traditionally lived about 50 miles inland and 50 miles north of the modern day U.S.-Mexico border in the Peninsular Range of Southern California. Today they are part of the Pala Band of Luiseno Mission Indians, Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians, and Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians. Several different groups combined to form Cupeno culture around 1000 to 1200 CE. They were closely related to Cahuilla culture. The Cupeno people traditionally lived in the mountains in the San Jose Valley at the headwaters of the San Luis Rey River. They lived in two autonomous villages,
Contributions by Parkwells, Durin, and Owen.