Data science defines a discipline that incorporates applying varying degrees of statistics, data visualizations, computer programming, data mining, machine learning, and database engineering to solve complex data problems. A practitioner of Data Science is called a Data Scientist. Data Science has existed for over a decade. The International Council for Science: Committee on Data for Science and Technology has been publishing the CODATA Data Science Journal since April 2002 . Another early claimant to the term Data Science is William S. Cleveland who wrote Data Science: An Action Plan for Expanding the Technical Areas of the Field of Statistics which was published in Volume 69, No. 1, of the April 2001 edition of the International Statistical Review / Revue Internationale de Statistique. Shortly thereafter, in January of 2003, Columbia University began publishing The Journal of Data Science . Mike Loukides Vice President of Content Strategy for O'Reilly Media helped to bring Data Science into the mainstream vernacular in 2010 with his article What is data science?. In the last few years, data science is increasingly being associated with the analysis of Big data. In the
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