Diabetes is a health condition causing high sugar content in the bloodstream because the pancreas no longer produces insulin or the cells of the body are no longer metabolizing the insulin the pancreas produces. The primary symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, and high levels of sugar in the blood or urine. Other symptoms include dry mouth, irratability, unusual weight loss, and extreme hunger.

About Diabetes

There are three types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas no longer produces insulin, requiring insulin to be administered by injection and monitored diet for the intake of sugars. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to the insluin which it produces, and is treatable with exercise and medication. The third type, gestational diabetes, occurs with some women at pregnancy who did not beforehand show signs of diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes are at increased risk for the onset of Type 2 diabetes, but most see symptoms end after pregnancy.

Diabetes is treatable in all cases, but currently there is no cure for Type 1 diabetes. Diabetics are able to better monitor their health with the assistance of blood glucose monitors. Type 1 diabetics, and other insulin-dependant diabetics, may also use insulin pumps which are an alternative to regular insulin injections. Research is currently ongoing to find a cure by means of pancreas transplants and experimental medicationa.

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