The DIRECTV Group, Inc. is an American direct broadcast satellite television company formerly known as Hughes Electronics. Hughes Electronics was formed in 1985 when Hughes Aircraft was sold by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to GM for $ 5.2 billion. General Motors merged Hughes Aircraft with its Delco Electronics unit to form Hughes Electronics. The group then consisted of: Delco Electronics Corporation, Hughes Aircraft Company, and Hughes Space & Communications Company. Hughes Electronics founded DIRECTV. Hughes Electronics and PanAmSat agreed to merge their fixed satellite services into a new publicly held company, also called PanAmSat with Hughes Electronics as majority shareholder. GM transferred Delco Electronics to its Delphi Automotive Systems business. The aerospace and defense operations of Hughes Electronics (Hughes Aircraft) were merged with Raytheon. The remaining companies remained under the Hughes Electronics name and within GM.
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