Ecology

Ecology

The science of ecology studies interactions between individual organisms and their environments. Ecologists are interested in such topics as diversity, distribution, amount, number of organisms, as well as competition between them within and among ecosystems. The German zoologists first coined the word "ecology" in 1866.

About Ecology

Ecology is the scientific study of the relationships that living organisms have with each other and with their natural environment. Topics of interest to ecologists include the composition, distribution, amount (biomass), number, and changing states of organisms within and among ecosystems. Ecosystems are composed of dynamically interacting parts including organisms, the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment. Ecosystem processes, such as primary production, pedogenesis, nutrient cycling, and various niche construction activities, regulate the flux of energy and matter through an environment. These processes are sustained by the biodiversity within them. Biodiversity refers to the varieties of species in ecosystems, the genetic variations they contain, and the processes that are functionally enriched by the diversity of ecological interactions. Ecology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology.