Elijah Johnson (ca. 1789 April 3, 1849) was an African American who was one of the first colonial agents of the American Colonization Society in what later became Liberia. He was probably born in New Jersey, received some limited schooling in New Jersey and New York, served as a soldier in the War of 1812 and studied for the Methodist ministry. He had two children out of wedlock, Lewis Johnson (1810 1838) and Charles Johnson (born 1812). He latter married and had one daughter Elizabeth (born 1818) with his wife Mary Johnson. In 1820, Johnson emigrated on the ship Elizabeth to West Africa and landed on Sherbro Island in what is today Sierra Leone on March 9, 1820. The settlers had difficulty surviving, with many including his wife Mary dying from Malaria and yellow fever. In 1821, the surviving settlers moved to Providence Island near what is today Monrovia. There, Johnson married Rachel Wright (born ca.