Epoxy, also known as polyepoxide, is a thermosetting polymer formed from reaction of an epoxide 'resin' with polyamine 'hardener'. Epoxy has a wide range of applications, including fiber-reinforced plastic materials and general purpose adhesives. Epoxy is a copolymer; that is, it is formed from two different chemicals. These are referred to as the 'resin' or 'compound' and the 'hardener' or 'activator'. The resin consists of monomers or short chain polymers with an epoxide group at either end. Most common epoxy resins are produced from a reaction between epichlorohydrin and bisphenol-A, though the latter may be replaced by similar chemicals. The hardener consists of polyamine monomers, for example triethylenetetramine (TETA). When these compounds are mixed, the amine groups react with the epoxide groups to form a covalent bond.
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