Escondido is a city occupying a shallow valley ringed by rocky hills, just north of the city of San Diego, California. Founded in 1888, it is one of the oldest cities in San Diego County. The city had a population of 143,911 at the 2010 census. Its municipal government set itself an operating budget limit of $426,289,048 for the fiscal year 2010-2011. The city is known as Eskondiid in Diegueo. A 2005 nationwide study of the most conservative cities in America ranked Escondido #11 out of 25. The Escondido area was first settled by the Luiseo, who established campsites and villages along the creek running through the area. They named the place 'Mehel-om-pom-pavo.' The Kumeyaay migrated from areas near the Colorado River, settling both in the San Pasqual Valley and near the San Dieguito River in the southwestern and western portions of what is now Escondido.
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