Named in reverence of the Portuguese explorer Fernao do Po who is given credit for discovering their indigenous and adopted homelands, Fernandinos are creole, multi-ethnic or multi-race populations of Equatorial Guinea and former Spanish Guinea. Each population hails from a distinct ethnic, social, cultural and linguistic history. Members of these communities were responsible for building and expanding the cocoa farming industry on Fernando Po during the 1880s and 1890s. The Fernandinos of Fernando Po were closely related to each other as well as to members of communities in Freetown, Cape Coast, and Lagos. Eventually, these distinct groups integrated, and in present-day Bioko their differences barely exist. The indigenous group of Fernandinos or Los Fernandinos, were mixed race descendants of the pre-existing indigenous population of Spanish Guinea originating from the island of Fernando Po (modern day Bioko Island), an island discovered by Fernao do Po.
Contributions by Bab-a-lot, Tukes, and 220.127.116.11.