Freeganism is the practice of reclaiming and eating food that has been discarded. Freegans and Freeganism are often seen as part of a wider anti-consumerist ideology, and freegans often employ a range of alternative living strategies based on limited participation in the conventional economy and minimal consumption of resources. Freegans embrace community, generosity, social concern, freedom, cooperation, and sharing in opposition to a society based on materialism, moral apathy, competition, conformity, and greed. The word freegan is a portmanteau of free and vegan; not all dumpster divers are vegan, but the ideology of veganism is inherent in freeganism. Freeganism started in the mid 1990s, out of the antiglobalization and environmentalist movements. The movement also has elements of Diggers, an anarchist street theater group based in Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco in the 1960s, that gave away rescued food. The manifesto pamphlet Why Freegan (written by former Against Me! drummer Warren Oakes in 1999) defines freeganism as an anti-consumeristic ethic about eating and goes on to describe practices including dumpster diving, plate scraping, wild foraging, gardening,
Contributions by Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ), Ash, and Murderbike.