Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844--August 25, 1900) was a German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony, and aphorism. Nietzsche's key ideas include the 'death of God', the __bermensch, the eternal recurrence, the Apollonian and Dionysian dichotomy, perspectivism, and the will to power. Central to his philosophy is the idea of 'life-affirmation', which involves questioning of all doctrines that drain life's expansive energies, however socially prevalent and radical those views might be.
Contributions by DanielCD, Ute Oronto, and Sethmahoney.