Fungus is a single-celled or multi-cellular organism. A fungus is any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores. These include mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that will spread into and feed off dead organic matter or other living organisms.

About Fungi

Fungus or fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores, these are called perfect fungi; other fungi are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores, these are called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes.

Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive in extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy.

Fungi are also used for the development of antibiotics, antitoxins, and other drugs used to control various human diseases.

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