The Gaddi are a tribe living mainly in the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. They are Hindus and belong to several castes including Ahir, Brahmin, Rajput, Dhangar/Gaderiya, Khatri, Rana and Thakur. The language (dialect) spoken within the tribe is Gaddi. Old people used the Tankri script. Gaddi is a generic term used for all of the indigenous population of the Bharmaur area of Chamba district and some regions of Jammu and Kashmir. The Gaddis include Savarnas - such as Brahman, Rajput, Khatri, Thakur, Rathi and the non_savarnas like Hali, Rihare and Dom (Rose 1919). Although all are categorised as scheduled tribes by virtue of either their living in a scheduled area or having semi-nomadic lifestyle, the non-savarnas are included separately as scheduled castes. There is custom prevalent among the savarna of calling themselves as Gaddi whereas calling others by their respective caste names. The early history of the Gaddis is unclear.
Contributions by John Hill, Rajinder Singh Attar, and Sitush.