The Gelao people (also spelled Gelo) are an ethnic group of China and Vietnam. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. However, many Gelao are also variously classified as Yi, Miao, and Zhuang by the Chinese government. They number approximately 438,200 and are mainly located in the western part of the Guizhou Province, including such places as Liupanshui, Anshun, Dafang, and Bijie. Some live in western Guangxi, southeastern Yunnan, and southern Sichuan. The main religion practiced is Taoism with a small but significant Buddhist minority. The Gelao people are often considered to be the aboriginal inhabitants of Guizhou. The ancestors of the Gelao were the Liao, who made up the population of the ancient Yelang kingdom. The Gelao language belongs to the Kadai language family. Today, only a small minority of the Gelaos still speak this language.
Contributions by Stevey7788, Badagnani, and Kwamikagami.