Goiania is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Gois. With a population of 1,301,892, it is the second-largest city in the Central-Western Region and the 13th-largest in the country. Its metropolitan area has a total population of 2,063,744, making it the 11th-largest in Brazil. Goinia is a planned city founded on October 24, 1933 by then Governor Pedro Ludovico to serve as the new state capital and administrative center. Prior to this date, the state capital was the town of Gois. Goinia has the largest green area per inhabitant in Brazil, and is the second in the world, behind Edmonton, Canada. The idea of creating a new state capital had been bounced around from early on in the history of the state of Gois. The first plan came from D.
Contributions by Rodrigogomespaixao, Vogensen, and Kievz.