Guarulhos is the second largest city in the Brazilian state of So Paulo and a suburb of So Paulo city itself. In the last few years it has outgrown Campinas. The population in 2006 is 1,283,253, the density is 4,035.26 inh./km and the area is 318 km. It is 12th largest city in Brazil and also the most populous non-capital city in the country. Ranks 8th by GDP among Brazilian cities; 2nd in So Paulo state. (source:IBGE, Brazil's national institute of statistics. GDP by cities report, published in 2005 with data from 2002). It is the 10th largest suburb in the world. The name comes from the Tupi language, and means Eaters, big-bellied people; a reference to the original indigenous inhabitants of the area. The per capita income for the municipality is R$12,793. So Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (GRU), one of the main Brazilian airports, is located there. Mamonas Assassinas, a 1990s satirical pop/rock group, came from Guarulhos.
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