The Haliwa-Saponi are located in eastern North Carolina, United States, one of eight Native American tribes recognized by the state. The Haliwa-Saponi hold membership on the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs. The name Haliwa is derived from the two counties: Halifax and Warren, which are the ancestral homelands of the Haliwa people dating from the 1730s. They created a formal organization in 1953 and were recognized in 1965 by the state of North Carolina. In 1979 the tribe added Saponi to their name to reflect their descent from the historical Saponi peoples formerly located in present-day Virginia and the Carolinas. Since the late nineteenth century, the tribe has created schools and other institutions to preserve and create its culture and identity. The Protestant religion has been a strong centering force for the community as well, which for years was united through subsistence activities and oral traditions.
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