Handan is a prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei Province of China. It borders Xingtai on the north, Shanxi province on the west, Henan province on the south and Shandong province on the east. Handan was the capital of the State of Zhao during the Warring States period (475221 BCE), after the capital moved from Zhongmu. The city was conquered by the State of Qin after the virtual annexation of Zhao by Qin except for the Dai Commandery. The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang visited the city once and ordered all enemies of his mother to be buried alive. Handan was still regarded as a commercial centre during the Western and Eastern Han Dynasties (206 BCE220 CE) but slowly it declined, perhaps because of the numerous battles that ravaged northern China following the Han Dynasty. Handan is now mainly an industrial city.
Contributions by 18.104.22.168, Xiaoyu of Yuxi, and Luckas-bot.