Hegang, also known as Haoli and Heligang, is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the People's Republic of China. It is a prefecture-level municipality situated in the southeastern section of the Lesser Khingan Range, facing Jiamusi across the Songhua River to the south and Russia across the Heilongjiang River to the north. Hegang is one of the principal coal-producing cities in China. Hegang city covers an area of 14,784 km and according to the 2010 Census, has a population of 1,058,665 inhabitants. Its urban is home to 489,232 inhabitants spread out over 4 urban districts excluding Dongshan, which is still largely rural. The region of Hegang was a desolate and uninhabited area until late 1890s. In 1906, the area of Hegang City was under the administration of Tangyuan County under the Qing Dynasty. Since then, the government has been encouraging people to farm in the region.
Contributions by Norboy, Lzy881114, and Abstrakt.