Hoa people refers to a minority living in Vietnam consisting of persons considered to be ethnic Chinese. They are often referred to as either Chinese Vietnamese, Vietnamese Chinese, Sino-Vietnamese, or ethnic Chinese in/from Vietnam by the Vietnamese populace, Overseas Vietnamese, and other ethnic Chinese. The Vietnamese government's classification of the Hoa excludes two other groups of Chinese-speaking peoples, the San Diu and the Ngai. The Hoa constitute one group of Overseas Chinese and contain one of the largest Overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia. As of 2011, the Sino-Vietnamese community numbered approximately 855,000 people corresponding to 0.95% of the Vietnamese population. The Hoa were highly overrepresented in Vietnam's business and commerce sector before the Fall of Saigon in 1975. Today they are a well-established middle class ethnic group and make up a high percentage of Vietnam's educated and upper class.
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