Honghu is a county-level city in the municipal region of Jingzhou, in the south of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. The city lies on the northwest (left) bank of the Yangtze River, across from Hunan Province and Xianning, Hubei. It is named after the adjacent Hong Lake, which since ancient times has periodically flooded (, hong). The traditional Chinese holiday Duanwu Jie (, Dragon Boat Festival), celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, features boat races which are run on Honghu Lake. By means of its famous lake, Honghu City produces forty kinds of fish and an abundance of plants, such as lotus, reed and a type of black algae. As of 2000, Honghu City had a population of 335,618 or more people. Honghu is celebrated as an important supporter of the Communist side during last century's Chinese Civil War. Westerners know it for New Zealand communist Rewi Alley's relief work and Gung-ho (Gonghe) co-operative movement.
Contributions by Wikiklrsc, NelsonFu, and Badagnani.