Hugh Marston 'Hef' Hefner (born April 9, 1926) is an American magazine publisher, founder and chief creative officer of Playboy Enterprises. Hefner was born in Chicago, Illinois, the oldest of two sons born to Grace Caroline (ne Swanson) and Glenn Lucius Hefner, both teachers. Hefner's mother was of Swedish descent and his father had German and English ancestry. On his father's side, Hefner claims he is a direct descendant of Plymouth governor William Bradford. He has described his family as 'conservative, Midwest, Methodist.' He went to Sayre Elementary School and Steinmetz High School, then served as a writer for a military newspaper in the U.S. Army from 1944 to 1946. He later graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign with a B.A. in psychology with a double minor in creative writing and art in 1949, earning his degree in two and a half years.
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